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MOSQUITOES – Who hasn’t found a thousand and one ways to successfully stop digging after a mosquito, sometimes many? “After a bite, there is a local reaction that is the type of urticaria, because there is a release of histamine in our immune system”, recalls Marc Perrussel, vice-president of the National Union of Dermatologists-Venereologists ( SNDV).
“This molecule is responsible for the urticaria reaction, which causes vasodilation [gonflement de la piqûre]. It responds to the anti-coagulant substance that is injected into the mosquito to suck the blood”, specified the dermatologist.
Ice cubes, hydrocortisone-based treatments, aloe vera… Marc Perrussel takes stock, because The HuffPost, what to do or not to do to relieve mosquito bites.
- What to do after a mosquito bite?
What to do after a mosquito bite?
“The first thing to do is to disinfect, usually with an antiseptic, and then if it is available, we can use a corticosteroid cream afterwards”, began Marc Perrussel. “It remains a medical prescription drug: there must be certainty that it is a mosquito bite and that the area is not infected”, however the nuances of the dermatologist.
However, you can find over-the-counter products with lower levels of hydrocortisone, such as Apaisyl, to relieve itching. “You can also take antihistamine-based tablets,” said Marc Perrussel.
If you prefer old-fashioned remedies to these treatments, the dermatologist advises using ice cubes. “Ice cubes can reduce the effect of vasodilation, it is a drug that is more related to a mechanical phenomenon to try to limit vasodilation”, pointed out the specialist.
In the American edition of HuffPost, Dermatologist Jeannette Graf suggests using aloe vera or baking soda for their “anti-inflammatory properties”. Medicines approved by Marc Perrussel who nevertheless warns: “You must not be mistaken with the concentration of baking soda otherwise it will be caustic”.
- What not to do after a mosquito bite
What not to do after a mosquito bite
“Most of the time, what is not recommended is to put flammable products, caustic products that can cause itching but above all have serious consequences. Some people, for example, use alcohol at 90 degrees, which is absolutely not good”, warned the vice-president of SNDV.
Similarly, dermatologist Loretta Ciraldo warns, along with HuffPost American, against applying heat to the mosquito bite area. “This can increase redness, swelling and itching,” he points out.
Finally, Marc Perrussel recommends not to scratch: “If the person scratches, the risk is the cause of infection because apart from the fact that it itches, it causes wounds that, in hot weather, easily which is contagious”.
- What to do to avoid being bitten next time?
What to do to avoid being bitten next time?
“There are many methods to avoid being bitten: the mosquito net, it is possible to use fans that allow the mosquito to be expelled”, lists the specialist. “Above all, you must avoid putting your legs under the table covered with a tablecloth or sitting on the balcony at night in the twilight with little light,” he reminds us.
“We can use repellent products based on lemongrass, either spray or perfume”, then advises Marc Perrussel. “You can put plants around your house like geranium or eucalyptus plants that repel mosquitoes,” he added.
Finally, the specialist recommends to “avoid wild points of water, in cups, wheels where the water stops. A small pond is enough for mosquitoes to multiply and multiply”.
See also at The HuffPost: “In Russia, Thousands of Mating Mosquitoes Create Hellish Tornado”